When Past Group Events and Identities Define the Present: Effect of Perceived Collective Continuity on Defensive Behaviors of the French In-Group - Université Paris 8 Vincennes - Saint-Denis Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology Year : 2021

When Past Group Events and Identities Define the Present: Effect of Perceived Collective Continuity on Defensive Behaviors of the French In-Group

Haifat Maoulida
Jean Louis Tavani

Abstract

Previous studies have highlighted the benefits of perceived collective continuity. However, to the authors’ knowledge, none have considered the negative effects of such perceptions when they concern a negative past or take the form of a break with a positive past. The authors therefore conducted three studies to examine the influence of perceived continuity (or a break) with positive versus negative events or identities on French in-groups’ defensive behaviors (i.e., perceptions of and attitudes toward refugees and intention to engage in collective actions). They expected to observe the positive impact of a positive (rather than negative) past continuity and a negative (rather than positive) past break. The results of Experiment 1 partially confirmed this hypothesis, as individuals who identified strongly expressed a greater intention to engage in collective actions when they perceived continuity with positive past events. Similarly, participants were more opposed to the reception of refugees when they perceived continuity with a positive past French identity (Experiment 2). Finally, high-identifier participants who perceived a break with a negative past identity expressed greater opposition to the reception of refugees and saw them more as a threat (Experiment 3). The authors discuss the importance of considering the emotional valence of past group memories for the continuity literature and a better comprehension of actual in- and between-group dynamics.

Dates and versions

hal-04016179 , version 1 (06-03-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Haifat Maoulida, Jean Louis Tavani, Isabel Urdapilleta. When Past Group Events and Identities Define the Present: Effect of Perceived Collective Continuity on Defensive Behaviors of the French In-Group. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 2021, 15, pp.183449092110054. ⟨10.1177/18344909211005474⟩. ⟨hal-04016179⟩
8 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More